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Reports
W 01-The Climate of Somalia: The report documents the climate of Somalia from analyses of historical data extracted from SWALIM and FAO climate databases. The report provides knowledge about the countrys climate to both climate and non-climate professionals. Provided that, monitoring meteorological networks in Somalia are not quite reprehensive to support weather analysis, coupled by long periods of missing values, scientific methods had to be used to interpolate missing data. Results of the analysis are presented in spatial maps and tabular formats in the report Download file (8.7 MB) 
W 02-Somalia Rainfall Observers Manual: The purpose of this handbook is to explain in simple terms the working of a rain gauge and to provide guidelines for the installation, maintenance reading and recording the rainfall catch from the rain gauge It is intended for use by Observers who are part of, or who are associated with, the Somalia Climate observation. Download file (415 KB) 
W 03-Inventory of Hydrometeorological Data for Somalia: The report presents inventory of the hydrometeorological data for Somalia. The inventory has both the historical data rescued by SWALIM, as well as the current data collected by SWALIM since 2002 in eff orts to build the national river flow and climate archives for the country. The report also includes a number of thematic climate maps and analysis. The otherwise cumbersome data is presented in the report in a well organised format, easy to understand even for non-experts in this fi eld. The report is useful for those interested in identifying the changes in weather conditions in Somalia over time. Download file (829 KB) 
W 11-Water Resources of Somalia: The report aims to assess the temporal and spatial variability of the available surface and groundwater resources, and its existing and potential uses. The assessment is based on the integration of hydrometeorological and physiographic data collected and analyzed by SWALIM and partner agencies. The report is intended to support integrated water resources management in Somalia that is based on coordinated development and management of water, land and related resources in order to maximize the resultant economic and social welfare. Download file (5.9 MB) 
W 14-Analysis of the General Climatic Conditions of Somalia in Support of Drought Monitoring: Drought in the Horn of Africa is one of the most important, most frequent and often misinterpreted natural phenomena. The definition itself requires clarification. “Drought” is used to explain many different types of food shortage situations caused by rainfall deficit, crop disease, armed conflicts, market problems, or just by aridity. Because of the incorrect diagnosis the treatment may also be wrong. Most existing drought related indexes are single parameter indicators, not able to reflect the complex nature of the drought and very difficult to use in a data scarce environment, like the one in the Horn of Africa, especially in Somalia. This document takes initial steps to create a drought index combining rainfall, temperature and Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) characteristics and compares the actual situation with the multi-year average characteristics Download file (7.8 MB) 
W-21 Climate Change Impacts on Water Resources of Somaliland and Puntland: Identifying, assessing and developing groundwater resources is an urgent priority for emergency relief and long-term development in the countries of the Horn of Africa affected by drought and water scarcity. As a response to this context, UNESCO, in May 2012, launched the initiative Strengthening Capacity to Combat Drought and Famine in the Horn of Africa: Tapping Groundwater Resources for Emergency Water Supply through support of the Government of Japan. The overall project aims to map-out drought-resilient groundwater resources in affected areas and strengthen regional capacities in managing groundwater for drought-preparedness. In order to take advantage of the established network and experienced profile of UNESCOs partner FAO-SWALIM (Somalia Water and Land Information Management) in Somalia, an agreement of this UNESCO-FAO partnership was formalized that governs the framework of the overall project. Download file (2.7 MB) 
Maps
March rainfall map for Somalia. Download file (128 KB) 
May rainfall map for Somalia. Download file (135 KB) 
April mean temperature map of somalia. Download file (125 KB) 
April rainfall map for Somalia. Download file (134 KB) 
August mean temperature map of somalia. Download file (129 KB) 
August rainfall map for Somalia. Download file (137 KB) 
Climate classification of somalia. Download file (0 KB) 
Current hydrometeorological network data flow. Download file (2.6 MB) 
Ddecember mean temperature map of somalia. Download file (127 KB) 
December rainfall map for Somalia. Download file (129 KB) 
Deyr seasonal rainfall map of Somalia (Sep - Nov). Download file (136 KB) 
February mean temperature map of somalia. Download file (130 KB) 
February rainfall map for Somalia. Download file (130 KB) 
Gu seasonal map of Somalia. Download file (112 KB) 
January mean temperature map of somalia. Download file (131 KB) 
January rainfall map for Somalia. Download file (126 KB) 
July mean temperature map of somalia. Download file (132 KB) 
July rainfall map for Somalia. Download file (136 KB) 
June mean temperature map of somalia. Download file (134 KB) 
June rainfall map for Somalia. Download file (134 KB) 
Map of moisture index of Somalia. Download file (114 KB) 
March mean temperature map of somalia. Download file (129 KB) 
May mean temperature map of somalia. Download file (136 KB) 
Mean annual potential evapotranspiration map of somalia. Download file (122 KB) 
Mean annual rainfall distribution. Download file (1.5 MB) 
Mean annual rainfall map of somalia. Download file (141 KB) 
Mean annual wind speed over Somalia. Download file (112 KB) 
Mean relative humidity for Somalia. Download file (126 KB) 
November mean temperature map of somalia. Download file (132 KB) 
November rainfall map for Somalia. Download file (130 KB) 
October rainfall map for Somalia. Download file (131 KB) 
proposed telemetric automatic weather stations. Download file (5.6 MB) 
Proposed telemetric systems for automatic hydromet stations. Download file (3.9 MB) 
Rainfall (TRMM) with track of Tropical Cyclone in Puntland 11 November 2013. Download file (941 KB) 
September mean temperature map of somalia. Download file (123 KB) 
September rainfall map for Somalia. Download file (142 KB) 

 

 

 

 
The data on SDDR is shared for free to all organisations and individuals working in related fields in Somalia
When data from SDDR is used in reports or other publications, the source must be cited as FAO SWALIM
The boundaries and names in the maps do not imply an official endorsement by the Food and Agriculture Organisation

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P.O Box 30470-00100, Nairobi, Kenya. Ngecha Road, off Lower Kabete Road
Tel +254 020 4000000 - Fax +254 020 4000333 - Email: swalim@fao.org