Floods regularly cause disasters in Somalia, and in particular along the Juba and Shabelle Rivers in the southern part of the country. The downstream segments of
these rivers are marked by an inverse topography, with water courses at some
locations on higher elevation than the adjacent land; as a result, the lower parts of the
riverine floodplains are highly susceptible to flooding (an attribute widely used in
gravity-fed irrigation and deshek farming). Arid and semi-arid land further away
from the main river courses also experience flash-flood events.
Flood risk management (FRM) has been defined as "a systematic process that
produces a range of measures associated with flood hazard mitigation, emergency
preparedness, impact response and disaster recovery, and which contributes to the
safety of communities and the environment; and at the same time parallels risk
management and good management practices". Therefore, it is essential to define,
quantify and understand a flood risk before it is possible to manage it effectively.
To get the installation files click on this link: FRRMIS installation files [105MB]