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Reports
L 10-Land Degradation Assessment and Recommendation for a Monitoring Framework in Somaliland: This report describes the prevalent types of land degradation, their causes and impacts, and sustainable land management practices to combat land degradation in Somaliland. Two levels of assessment were carried out, one covering the whole area using the LADA-WOCAT expert assessment method and the other focusing on a local area and using a combination of methods i.e. LADA-WOCAT expert assessment, time-series (1982 to 2008) analysis of satellite images, and analysis of historical soil properties data. The most common land degradation types identified include loss of vegetation, soil erosion, and decline in soil nutrient. This report is useful in guiding conservation efforts in land resources management.. Download file (11.7 MB) 
L 14-Land Degradation Assessment and a Monitoring Framework in Somalia: This report describes the prevalent land degradation types, their causes and impacts, and sustainable land management practices to combat land degradation in Somalia. Two methods were used for this assessment. The - his was achieved through a combination of techniques. The LADA-WOCAT expert assessment was used to identify the key types of degradation, their status and trends, their causes and impacts and the responses put in place to address them. The experts who undertook this assessment were Somali professionals with long field experiences. To enhance the expert assessment, time series (1982 to 2008) analysis of satellite images was carried out. The most common land degradation types identified in the report include loss of vegetation, soil erosion, decline in soil nutrient in the agricultural areas, and salinity in areas where irrigation has been practised for a long period. This report is useful in identifying areas where there is an increasing trend of land degradation so that detailed assessment can be carried out. It is useful in guiding decision making to combat land degradation in Somalia. . Download file (2.8 MB) 
L 15- Detection of Tree Cutting in the Rangelands of North Eastern Somalia:: This report outlines how very high resolution satellite imagery was used to estimate the rate of tree-cutting in Puntland. The study used visual interpretation of Ikonos and Quickbird images for 2001 and 2006 respectively to generate tree density maps for the two years. Through collaboration between SWALIM and the EC Joint Research Centre at Ispra, Italy, an automatic procedure for identifying and classifying trees was also tested. Both techniques produced similar results, which showed an overall decrease in tree density between 2001 and 2006. The results also showed some areas where the tree densities have increased due to environmental conservation through community interventions. The method used can be up-scaled to other parts of Somalia to support afforestation campaigns and environmental conservation. . Download file (3.7 MB) 
L 16-Soil Erosion and Sedimentation Modelling and Monitoring of Juba and Shabelle Riverine Areas in Southern Somalia: This report puts the focus on assessment of soil erosion and sedimentation of the riverine areas of Juba and Shabelle. Modelling estimates of top soil loss in the study in 2007 and 2008 are presented. The report also presents sediment yields for 2007 and 2008 as well as potential sites for monitoring sediments and potential sediment sources. It also provides a theoretical framework for monitoring soil erosion and sedimentation.. Download file (3.9 MB) 
L-20 Practical guide for Land degradation monitoring: This practical guide for land degradation monitoring will provide tools that can be used to facilitate a simple and systematic approach to monitoring long-term changes in soil and rangeland conditions and will be the working document for future monitoring programmes. The simple monitoring methods presented in this guide will be used to periodically generate quantitative information from different representative sites of degraded land, land under degradation or sensitive degraded land within the country. The monitoring approach will enable information to be shared among all stakeholders involved in land resource management and will help national decision-makers and the donor communities to make sound land resource management decisions.. Download file (482 KB) 
Maps
ADESO - Land Degradation Hotspots Baseline Assessment. Download file (11.2 MB) 
Bright and hotspots map for land degradation in Somalia. Download file (87 KB) 
CARE - Land Degradation Hotspots Baseline Assessment. Download file (7.9 MB) 
MAP N2: Land degradation - Somalia (expert assessment). Download file (1.3 MB) 
MAP N3: Land degredation types - Somalia (expert assessment). Download file (1.6 MB) 
MAP N4: Sustainable Land Management Practices (SLM) in Somalia (expert assessment). Download file (1.6 MB) 
MAP N5: Loss of vegetation cover between 1982-2008 (Somalia). Download file (960 KB) 
MAP S10: Potential soil moisture decline - Between 2005 and 2008 (Nothern Area of Interest). Download file (924 KB) 
MAP S2: Land degradation - Somaliland (expert assessment). Download file (970 KB) 
MAP S3: Land degredation types - Somaliland (expert assessment). Download file (1.2 MB) 
MAP S4: Sustainable Land Management Practices (SLM) - Somaliland (expert assessment). Download file (994 KB) 
MAP S5: Loss of vegetation cover between 1982-2008 (Somaliland). Download file (850 KB) 
MAP S6: Potential loss of vegetation between 2003 and 2008 (Nothern Area of Interest). Download file (858 KB) 
MAP S7: Potential loss of topsoil (Nothern Area of Interest). Download file (1.4 MB) 
MAP S8: Potential gully erosion (Nothern Area of Interest). Download file (1.1 MB) 
MAP S9: Potential nutrient decline - between 1982-2006 (Nothern Area of Interest). Download file (897 KB) 
Sites for validating land degradation in Somalia. Download file (213 KB) 
Summary of the major direct causes of land degradation in Somalia. Download file (27 KB) 
Type of Intervention on Hotspots & Land Degradation locations by ADESO & SWALIM in Puntland - May 2014 (Draft). Download file (1.2 MB) 
Type of Intervention on Hotspots & Land Degradation locations by CARE & SWALIM in Puntland - May 2014 (Draft). Download file (814 KB) 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The data on SDDR is shared for free to all organisations and individuals working in related fields in Somalia
When data from SDDR is used in reports or other publications, the source must be cited as FAO SWALIM
The boundaries and names in the maps do not imply an official endorsement by the Food and Agriculture Organisation

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