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Land Use

Land Use in the Dur Dur - Gibeley Area: This dataset contains the various land use classes consisting of extensive grazing, rainfed agriculture and wood charcoal collection in the Dur Dur-Gibiley area. It has been produced through a process involving land use mapping and characterization of the different land use classes. Download data

Land use in the Southern Area of Study: This dataset contains the land cover/land use classes for the Southern Area of Study.It contains land use classes for various activities e.g agriculture and urban areas and different land cover classes in terms of wooded vegetation and rangelands. The datasets was published by SWALIM in July 2007. Download data

Land Use Systems in Somalia: This dataset contains coverage of the land use systems generated by SWALIM in June 2009. The major vegetation cover types in Somalia include woodland, shrubland, grassland, cropland. Pastoralism remains the dominant land use practiced in the woodland, shrubland, grassland, forest and mangroves. Rainfed agriculture is practiced in north-west and southern Somalia. Oasis farms are present in Puntland and Southwest Somalia in the alluvial plains which provide opportunity for irrigated agriculture using water from the abundant shallow wells and springs. However, wood collection for charcoal burning,construction poles and fire wood is widespread in the woodland, forest and mangroves. Download data

Cultivable Area study for Southern Somalia: This study comprises of 36 administrative districts located in 8 regions covering the central and southern parts of Somalia. The regions are Hiran, Bakool, Gedo, Bay, Middle Shabelle, Lower Shabelle, Middle Juba and Lower Juba. The area covers the Middle and Lower Juba and Shabelle Rivers, which comprise the main agricultural areas of Somalia. The total area is 256,590 km2 (or 25,659,056Hectares).Download data

Land Suitability

Land suitability for extensive grazing in Western Somaliland :This dataset contains the coverage of land suitable for extensive grazing of camel, cattles, goats and sheep from a selected SWALIM study area in Western  Somaliland. Four types of suitability classes for grazing have been considered this include; Highly, Moderately, Marginally and Not Suitable in Urban areas and Rural settlements. Download data

Land suitability for extensive grazing in Juba and Shabelle riverine areas: This dataset contains the coverage of land suitable for extensive grazing of camel, cattles, goats and sheep from a selected SWALIM study area in Juba and Shabelle riverine areas. Four types of suitability classes for grazing have been considered this include; Highly, Moderately, Marginally and Not Suitable in Urban areas and Rural settlements. Download data

Land Suitability for Forestry in Western Somaliland:This dataset contains land that is suitable for forestry from a selected SWALIM study area in Western  Somaliland. Nine indigenous species were evaluated based on four types of suitability classes for foresty, this include; Highly, Moderately, Marginally and Not Suitable in Urban areas and Rural settlements. Download data

Land Suitability for Forestry in Juba and Shabelle riverine areas: This dataset contains land that is suitable for forestry from a selected SWALIM study area in Juba and Shabelle riverine areas. Three indigenous species were evaluated based on four types of suitability classes for foresty, this include; Highly, Moderately, Marginally and Not Suitable in Urban areas and Rural settlements. Download data

Land Suitability for rainfed agriculture in Western Somaliland This dataset contains land suitability coverage of rainfed agriculture of cowpeas, maize and both short and long growing periods sorghum and is characterized by production of individual crop varieties in western Somaliland. Most attention has been paid to crops with short growing periods due to the arid conditions of the area. Download data

Land Suitability for irrigated agriculture in Juba and Shabelle riverine areas This dataset contains land suitability coverage for irrigated agriculture of citrus, rice and sugarcane and is characterized by production of individual crop varieties. Most attention has been paid to crops with short growing periods area in the Juba and Shabelle riverine areas. Download data

Land Degredation

Land Degradation Type: This datasets contains different kinds of degradation based on different land degradation characteristics Land degradation assessment was carried out in Somalia in response to numerous reports and suggestions about on-going different types of degradation (e.g. soil erosion, loss of vegetation due to charcoal production, nutrient decline, etc). FAO-SWALIM carried out this study on land degradation in Somalia to identify prevalent types of the degradation in the country, extent of the affected areas, and its major causes. The study also identified areas where land conservation efforts have been tried and showed opportunities for upscaling them in the entire country. The method used was called LADA-WOCAT (Land degradation Assessment) and Remote sensing NDVI Images. They were used for two major reasons 1) to identify local spots to target during detailed land degradation assessment and 2) to give a general indication of the causes and impacts of degradation in the country. Download data

Land Cover

Land Cover Northern AOI (NAOI): This dataset contains the land cover/land use classes for SWALIM Northern Area of Interest (NAOI). It contains land use classes for various activities e.g agriculture and urban areas and different land cover classes in terms of wooded vegetation and rangelands. The datasets was published by SWALIM in July 2007. Download data

Land Cover Southern AOI (NAOI): This dataset contains the land cover/land use classes for SWALIM Southern Area of Interest (SAOI). It contains land use classes for various activities e.g agriculture and urban areas and different land cover classes in terms of wooded vegetation and rangelands. The datasets was published by SWALIM in July 2007. Download data

Land Form

Land form Northern AOI: This dataset contains the  landscape for the SWALIM's Northern AOI generated in 2009,showing different landscape taxa in Somaliland. Landscape is defined as a portion of land that is characterized either by a repetition of similar relief types or association of dissimilar types. The possible taxa in this case include Valley, Plains, Penplain, Plateau, Piedmonts, Hill land and Mountain. Download data

Land form Southern AOI: This dataset contains the  landscape for the SWALIM's Southern AOI generated in 2009, showing different landscape taxa in South Central regions. Landscape is defined as a portion of land that is characterized either by a repetition of similar relief types or association of dissimilar types. The possible taxa in this case include Valley, Plains, Pen plain, Plateau, Piedmonts, Hill land and Mountain. Download data

Land Resources
Agro-Ecological Zones (AEZ ):This dataset contains coverage of Agro-Ecological Zones (AEZ).These are land resource mapping units, defined in terms of climate, landforms and soils, and/or land cover, having a specific range of potentials and constraints . The purpose of Agro-ecological zoning is to give an overview of the physical agricultural potential of an area. Download data

Length of Growing Period (LGP) : This dataset contains the Length of Growing Period (LGP) which is the period in days when crop water supply (precipitation) exceeds half the crop water demand (potential evapo-transpiration).The LGP was generated for the  period of 1963-1990 from  mean monthly precipitation and potential evapo-transpiration data from 49 stations throughout Somalia derived from the FAO Climate Database. Download data

Resource base units of Northern area of interest:This dataset contains the  Northern Resource Base Units (RBU) that are defined as land areas that are generally smaller than a region but usually larger than a farm. They have a definable combination of climate, relief altitude, edaphic conditions and natural vegetation. Download data

Resource base units of Southern area of interest:This dataset contains the  Southern Resource Base Units (RBU) that are defined as land areas that are generally smaller than a region but usually larger than a farm. They have a definable combination of climate, relief altitude, edaphic conditions and natural vegetation. Download data

Soils of Somalia: This dataset contains coverage of Soils of Somalia The various soils have also been re-classified to conform to the World Reference Base for Soil Resource. Soil groups have been aggregated into 7 classes based on the main (physical) limitations to crop production as experienced in Somalia.

The northern part of the country (Somaliland and Puntland) is characterized by an association of shallow sandy and/or stony soils and some deeper calcareous soils. A small area with deep,clayey soils is found south of Gebiley in Somaliland. The central part of the country is dominated by sandy soils along the coast and moderately deep loamy soils with a high content of calcium carbonate and/or gypsum further inland. Prominent in southern Somalia are low-lying alluvial plains, associated with the Juba and Shabelle Rivers. These plains mainly have clayey soils, some of which have poor drainage and/or high content of salts. Some of the riverine areas are also liable to flooding. The inter-riverine areas have both shallow soils (particularly towards the border with Ethiopia) and deep loamy and clayey soils. Download data

 

 
The data on SDDR is shared for free to all organisations and individuals working in related fields in Somalia
When data from SDDR is used in reports or other publications, the source must be cited as FAO SWALIM
The boundaries and names in the maps do not imply an official endorsement by the Food and Agriculture Organisation

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